Synsets for "hygroscopic"

Synset: hygroscopic.s.01

Synonyms: hygroscopic


Definition: absorbing moisture (as from the air)


Lemmas: hygroscopic





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Hygroscopic cycle The selection of hygroscopic salts have to provide the following strict criteria in order to be of interest of use in the hygroscopic cycle:
Hygroscopic cycle In the steam absorber, steam is absorbed with a concentrated hygroscopic fluid. As the steam is absorbed, the concentration of the hygroscopic fluid decreases, or the salt is diluted. Hygroscopic / deliquescent fluids with a high dilution capacity in water, such as LiBr usually also show a high saturation temperature / low saturation pressure. In other words, the deliquescent fluid can condense vapor at a higher temperature. This means that the temperature of the concentrated hygroscopic fluid entering the absorber can be higher than a non hygroscopic fluid. As a result, the cooling is easier than in a conventional Rankine cycle in the condensation section by using an air-cooler to dissipate the heat of condensation in the refluxed concentrated hygroscopic fluid mentioned earlier.
Hygroscopy Zinc chloride and calcium chloride, as well as potassium hydroxide and sodium hydroxide (and many different salts), are so hygroscopic that they readily dissolve in the water they absorb: this property is called deliquescence. Not only is sulfuric acid hygroscopic in concentrated form but its solutions are hygroscopic down to concentrations of 10 Vol-% or below. A hygroscopic material will tend to become damp and cakey when exposed to moist air (such as the salt inside salt shakers during humid weather).
Hygroscopic cycle The Hygroscopic Cycle is a concept that has evolved recently and is at the heart of intensive research on hygroscopic fluids. Recent developments have been the Kalina cycle, but with the actual configuration, it is expected to have an impact in locations with poor access to water, and a good integration with combined cycle plants, and any thermoelectric plants (CSP, biomass, coal). Here the residual heat of the boiler and hygroscopic fluid leaving the boiler can be used for heating purposes.
Acrylonitrile styrene acrylate ASA is mildly hygroscopic; drying may be necessary before processing.
Samarium(III) fluoride Samarium(III) fluoride (SmF) is a slightly hygroscopic solid fluoride.
Hygroscopic cycle The Hygroscopic Cycle is a thermodynamic cycle converting thermal energy into mechanical power by the means of a steam turbine.
Hygroscopic cycle The air-cooler used in the hygroscopic cycle cools a liquid flow with concentrated hygroscopic compound, with an overall volumetric heat capacity much higher than the steam traditionally condensed in air cooled condenser mentioned earlier, thus reducing the power needed for ventilation, and needing less surface area for heat exchange and obtaining a lower overall cost of the plant.
Tetrafluoroammonium Tetrafluoroammonium salts are extremely hygroscopic. The ion is readily hydrolysed into nitrogen trifluoride, , and oxygen gas:
Scandium bromide Scandium bromide, or ScBr, is a trihalide, hygroscopic, water-soluble chemical compound of scandium and bromine.
Hygroscopy Materials and compounds exhibit different hygroscopic properties, and this difference can lead to detrimental effects, such as stress concentration in composite materials. The volume of a particular material or compound is affected by ambient moisture and may be considered its coefficient of hygroscopic expansion (CHE) (also referred to as CME, or coefficient of moisture expansion) or coefficient of hygroscopic contraction (CHC)—the difference between the two terms being a difference in sign convention.
Rain sensor electrical switch is in turn depressed or released by the hygroscopic
Forestry in Russia Pulp and paper industry (energy, raw materials, environmental factors accommodation, hygroscopic)
N,N,N′,N′-Tetramethylformamidinium chloride "N","N","N"′,"N"′-Tetramethylformamidinium chloride is a light yellow, strongly hygroscopic solid.
Rain sensor hard-wired versions, most employing hygroscopic disks that swell in the
Surface engineering hygroscopic, or degradative. The decision to remove surface dirt is also for
Caesium oxide CsO is hygroscopic, forming the corrosive CsOH on contact with water.
Energy recovery ventilation **Total Energy Exchange only available on Hygroscopic units and Condensate Return units
Hygroscopy Many engineering polymers are hygroscopic, including nylon, ABS, polycarbonate, cellulose, and poly(methyl methacrylate).
Praseodymium bromide Praseodymium bromide is hygroscopic. Praseodymium bromide has an oxidation number of 3.