Synsets for "hygroscopic"

Synset: hygroscopic.s.01

Synonyms: hygroscopic


Definition: absorbing moisture (as from the air)


Lemmas: hygroscopic





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Hygroscopic cycle The selection of hygroscopic salts have to provide the following strict criteria in order to be of interest of use in the hygroscopic cycle:
Hygroscopic cycle In the steam absorber, steam is absorbed with a concentrated hygroscopic fluid. As the steam is absorbed, the concentration of the hygroscopic fluid decreases, or the salt is diluted. Hygroscopic / deliquescent fluids with a high dilution capacity in water, such as LiBr usually also show a high saturation temperature / low saturation pressure. In other words, the deliquescent fluid can condense vapor at a higher temperature. This means that the temperature of the concentrated hygroscopic fluid entering the absorber can be higher than a non hygroscopic fluid. As a result, the cooling is easier than in a conventional Rankine cycle in the condensation section by using an air-cooler to dissipate the heat of condensation in the refluxed concentrated hygroscopic fluid mentioned earlier.
Hygroscopic cycle The Hygroscopic Cycle is a thermodynamic cycle converting thermal energy into mechanical power by the means of a steam turbine.
Acrylonitrile styrene acrylate ASA is mildly hygroscopic; drying may be necessary before processing.
Samarium(III) fluoride Samarium(III) fluoride (SmF) is a slightly hygroscopic solid fluoride.
Hygroscopic cycle The air-cooler used in the hygroscopic cycle cools a liquid flow with concentrated hygroscopic compound, with an overall volumetric heat capacity much higher than the steam traditionally condensed in air cooled condenser mentioned earlier, thus reducing the power needed for ventilation, and needing less surface area for heat exchange and obtaining a lower overall cost of the plant.
Tetrafluoroammonium Tetrafluoroammonium salts are extremely hygroscopic. The ion is readily hydrolysed into nitrogen trifluoride, , and oxygen gas:
Scandium bromide Scandium bromide, or ScBr, is a trihalide, hygroscopic, water-soluble chemical compound of scandium and bromine.
Hygroscopic cycle The hygroscopic effect of salts is well known and used in Absorption refrigerators where heat is used for refrigeration. In these machines, the refrigerant is absorbed-dissolved into another fluid (a hygroscopic fluid), reducing its partial pressure in the evaporator and allowing more liquid to evaporate. In the hygroscopic cycle, the gas absorbed-dissolved into the other fluid is the steam coming from the outlet of the steam turbine. As the steam is absorbed-dissolved into the hygroscopic fluid, more steam can condense, and the reduction in vapor pressure is equivalent to a reduction in the condensation pressure at the outlet of the steam turbine. The effect of this is that a steam turbine with a lower outlet pressure can be used, with a lower enthalpy level at the outlet of the turbine. This increases the efficiency of the turbine, and generates a higher electrical output.
Rain sensor electrical switch is in turn depressed or released by the hygroscopic
Forestry in Russia Pulp and paper industry (energy, raw materials, environmental factors accommodation, hygroscopic)
N,N,N′,N′-Tetramethylformamidinium chloride "N","N","N"′,"N"′-Tetramethylformamidinium chloride is a light yellow, strongly hygroscopic solid.
Rain sensor hard-wired versions, most employing hygroscopic disks that swell in the
Surface engineering hygroscopic, or degradative. The decision to remove surface dirt is also for
Caesium oxide CsO is hygroscopic, forming the corrosive CsOH on contact with water.
Energy recovery ventilation **Total Energy Exchange only available on Hygroscopic units and Condensate Return units
Hygroscopy Many engineering polymers are hygroscopic, including nylon, ABS, polycarbonate, cellulose, and poly(methyl methacrylate).
Praseodymium bromide Praseodymium bromide is hygroscopic. Praseodymium bromide has an oxidation number of 3.
Hygroscopy Hygroscopy also plays an important role in the engineering of plastic materials. Some plastics are hygroscopic while others are not.
Calcium ammonium nitrate Calcium ammonium nitrate is hygroscopic. Its dissolution in water is endothermic, leading to its use in some instant cold packs.