Synsets for "assumptive"

Synset: assumptive.s.01

Synonyms: assumptive

Part of Speech: ADJECTIVE SATELLITE

Definition: excessively forward

Examples: an assumptive person | on a subject like this it would be too assuming for me to decide | the duchess would not put up with presumptuous servants

Lemmas: assumptive assuming presumptuous

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Synset: assumptive.s.02

Synonyms: assumptive

Part of Speech: ADJECTIVE SATELLITE

Definition: accepted as real or true without proof

Examples: the assumed reason for his absence | assumptive beliefs

Lemmas: assumptive

Hypernym:

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Related Wikipedia Samples:

Article Related Text
Management by objectives There are several limitations to the assumptive base underlying the impact of managing by objectives, including:
Shattered Assumptions Theory In social psychology, ‘’’Shattered Assumptions Theory’’’ proposes that the experiencing of traumatic events can change how one views themselves and the world. Specifically, the theory–developed by Ronnie Janoff-Bulman in 1992–concerns the effect that negative events have on three inherent assumptions: overall benevolence of the world, meaningfulness of the world, and self worthiness. These assumptions act as schemas to constitute our “assumptive world”, defined as “a strongly held set of assumptions about the world and the self which is confidently maintained and used as a means of recognizing, planning, and acting" by M. Parkes. Janoff-Bulman emphasized the assumptive world as an abstract yet accessible set of ideas, whilst being unarticulated.
Transactionalism The assumptive world stems from all that we experience, all the things and events we assess and assign meaning to, which function as a "contextual whole" also known as a "transactional whole". Dewey also referred to the assumptive world as a "situation" (where organism and environment are inseparable) or as a "field" in which behavior, stimulus, and response are framed as if a "reflexive circuit". "To the modern transactionalist, experiences alter perceptual processes, and in the act of altering them, the purposing aspect of perception is either furthered or its fulfillment interfered with." It is through action, through movement, that man is capable of bringing forth a value-satisfaction to his or her experience. Man's capacity to "sense value in the quality of his experience" was registered through his serial expectations and standards stemming from previous transactions throughout life.
Transactionalism Ultimately, transactionalism is a move away from the conclusion that knowledge depends on an independent knower and something to be known. The reality of a particular situation depends, transactionally speaking, on the interpretation place[d] upon the situation by a particular person. Interpretation is possible only through the accumulation of experience which, in effect, is what is meant by “assumptions”. Without the hitches and mistakes one encounters in the welter of daily living, the nature of the assumptive world would never arise into consciousness. The assumptive world, initially highlighted in the 25 experiments in perception known as The Ames demonstrations, becomes the seeming reality of our world. Man’s transactions of living involve, in sum, capacities, and aspects of his nature operating together. To transact is to participate in the process of translating the on-going energies of the environment into one’s own perceptual awareness, and to transform the environment through the perceptual act. Value-satisfaction arises when the inadequacies of man's assumptive world are revealed or invalidated. Thereby, the consequences of any transactional experience determines what is valuable or what will do vs. that which is satisfying but will not do. The good life, for the transactionalist, consists of a unity of values, achieved by means of reflective thought, and accepted in the full light of their conditions and consequences.
Transactionalism A theory of value is therefore derived from one's behavioral inquiry within an assumptive world. "Knowledge is a transaction that develops out of man's explorations within [that] cosmos." Transactionalists reject the notion that any truth is inherently settled or beyond question. The consequences of any inquiry will be dependent on the "situation" or transactional whole in which man as an organism-environment finds him- or her-self.
Personal selling Closing When the sales person feels that the prospect is ready, they will seek to gain commitment and close the sale. If the sales person is unsure about the prospect's readiness to buy, they might consider using a 'trial close.' The salesperson can use several different techniques to close the sale; including the ‘alternative close’, the ‘assumptive close’, the ‘summary close’, or the ‘special-offer close’, among others.
Ecotourism Ecotourism is often misinterpreted as any form of tourism that involves nature (see Jungle tourism). Self-proclaimed practitioners and hosts of ecotourism experiences assume it is achieved by simply creating destinations in natural areas. According to critics of this commonplace and assumptive practice, true ecotourism must, above all, sensitize people to the beauty and the fragility of nature. These critics condemn some operators as greenwashing their operations: using the labels of "green" and "eco-friendly”, while behaving in environmentally irresponsible ways.
Shattered Assumptions Theory Some have criticized Janoff-Bulman’s Theory of Shattered Assumptions. Mary Alice Mills from the University of Connecticut studied this theory. In her dissertation, she did not find a relationship between trauma and people’s views regarding the meaningfulness and benevolence of the world. Additionally, Janoff-Bulman's theory hypothesizes that people generally start to create assumptive world at an early age through positive interactions and healthy relationships with a caregiver. Without the bond between child and caregiver, positive, optimistic perceptions of the world cannot be developed; so, this theory would not as applicable in certain cases.
Wretches and Kings The lyrics bear some traces of a commentary on the abuses of the rich and the powerful, atypical of the sublimities and forecoming signs in class warfare. Shinoda's raspy vocals are meant to vocalize the anger felt by the abused, and the chorus in particular discusses in letting their inner "animals take control" of the world order. The first line, "steel unload, final blow", is an assumptive premonition of the coming conflict, wherein all bets are off and no regard for the consequences are given any longer.
Yūho Iwasato Maaya's writings were also influenced by this legacy, as she is seen as the most closest person to Iwasato Yuho, during their working time. Her best friend, instead suggested that she is too old to still continue the journey, and that it will haunt her for a very long time, that it was unhealthy as she has a family to take care for now. This is the assumptive approach from the lyrics written by her friend in "Junior Sailor", which how singers usually portray their feelings through their songs.
Buca The hippodrome of İzmir is located in Buca, in the quarter named Şirinyer along the road to İzmir metropolitan center, and the hippodrome is known under the name of this quarter (as "Şirinyer Hipodromu"). Şirinyer area used to be called Kızılçullu, in reference to a legend according to which Tamerlane would have established his headquarters here during his 1402 siege of İzmir (""Kızılçullu" meaning "red horseclothes""), and Buca's Levantine population, who owned orchards and vineyards here, had named the area under the no less assumptive name of Paradiso.
Evaluation Evaluation is the structured interpretation and giving of meaning to predicted or actual impacts of proposals or results. It looks at original objectives, and at what is either predicted or what was accomplished and how it was accomplished. So evaluation can be formative, that is taking place during the development of a concept or proposal, project or organization, with the intention of improving the value or effectiveness of the proposal, project, or organisation. It can also be assumptive, drawing lessons from a completed action or project or an organisation at a later point in time or circumstance.
National Intelligence Service (South Korea) The KCIA's virtually unlimited and completely unchecked power to arrest and detain any person on any charge, created a climate of extreme fear and repression. The frequent detention and torture of students, dissidents, opposition figures, communists, reporters, or anyone perceived to be critical of the government, was symptomatic of the Park presidency and the subsequent administration. And in another departure from its original charter, the KCIA's assumptive role as political machine extraordinaire began to take on even more bizarre forms such as exercising a free hand in drafting the South Korean constitution, dominating the country's political life, and acting as a political fundraiser for the incumbent party.
Transactionalism To transact is to act intelligently with an aim in mind while avoiding the tendency to surrender one's awareness to complacency or indifference that stems from mere information or untested knowledge. Without action, a person can fool herself, distort her sense of satisfaction or value on behalf of consequences she or others prefer. Through action, the individual perceptions and the shared perceptual common sense of an assumptive world are validated and modified. We predict and refine our conditions of life yet "any standard set for these value qualities is influenced by the individual’s personal biological and life history." Transactionalism is a creativee process that takes into account the unique biology and biography of persons involved.
List of fraternities and sororities at Cornell University These organizations have a similarly long pedigree on the Cornell campus, but are largely non-residential. Members of the social and academic fraternities and sororities may join or be asked to join, as may non-Greek students. Multiple affiliations are allowable. The cut-off line where any campus organization falls within these headings or without is somewhat arbitrary; those formed prior to 1990 are listed under these subheadings in various volumes of the Baird's Manual of American College Fraternities, which for more than a century has been the data source of record for such organizations. Newer groups have been placed in categories which match Baird's categories. The latest, 1991 version of Bairds was published before the national development of some of the societies here, and therefore, position and inclusion is, in some cases, assumptive.
Transactionalism Distinct from an aesthetic theory of taste or a rationale for the beauty in an object of art, a transactionalist theory of aesthetics concerns the perceptual judgments we use to define value, purposeful activity or satisfaction in any experience. Based on studies by transactionalist psychologists Adelbert Ames, Jr. (known for The Ames Demonstrations), William Howard Ittelson, Hadley Cantril, along with John Dewey, the biological role of perception is key to understanding transactionalism. Perceiving is viewed as "part of the process of living by which each one of us, from his own particular point of view, creates for himself the world within which he has his life’s experiences and through which he strives to gain his satisfactions." The sum total of these assumptions was recognized as the "assumptive world."
Desmond Ryan The Easter Rising was preceded by the revelation of the "Castle Document", a plan by the British government to arrest the leaders of the Irish Volunteers and Irish Citizen Army and other radicals. Ryan claimed that this document, presented to MacNeill on the Wednesday before the Rising and said to have been stolen from high-ranking British staff in Dublin Castle, was a forgery. It has been claimed that it was concocted by Joseph Plunkett with the implicit approval of Catholic Archbishop Cullen of Dublin, a sympathiser with Dublin Castle and Redmond's war stratagem. "Forgery is a strong word," Ryan said, "but that in its final form the document was a forgery no doubt can exist whatever". Modern interpretation from Charles Townshend has judged the document to be genuine, and the opinion attributed to the Archbishop's Palace as circumstantial. Grace Gifford, Plunkett's widow, said that she was with Plunkett when he deciphered it at Larkfield House. Prior to his execution, Sean Mac Dermott was met by a priest, and so made the assumptive response that it was a fraudulent document.
Mehal Sefari The Mehal Sefari's earlier roles were providing security for young Prince Menelik under the leadership of the later Dejazmach Germame. Upon the death of Atse Tewodros, 3 men — Wagshum Gobeze of Welo, Kassa Mircha of Tigre and Menelik of Shoa — were declared Atse. Kassa marched on Welo, defeated and imprisoned Gobeze, he marched south to Shewa to face Menelik who had gathered his forces and awaited him. Both rulers assumptive, Yohannes by virtue of arms left for him by the British and Menelik by blood sought reconciliation, Menelik agreeing to accept Yohannes as his Suzerain, much to the relief of the latter whose small, though well-armed forces were no match for the Shewan Army. Menelik's Army, though with fewer artillery pieces, had superiority in men, equipment and mounted cavalry. It would also have been fighting on home turf. Yohannes' spy sent to observe the Shoans is said to have come back to tell the Emperor "I thought clouds had descended on the ground, but it was the Shoans and their multitudes in their tents."
Hazaragi dialect In the assumptive, the distinction appears to be not between present versus past, but indefinite versus definite. Also, similar to all Persian varieties, the imperfective forms in "[mi-]" and past perfect forms, such as "mi-zad-um", "zadabud-um", are used in irreal conditional clauses and wishes, e.g., "kaški zimi qulba kadagi mu-but" “If the field would only be/have been plowed!” Modal verbs, such as "tan-" “can,” are constructed with the perfect participle, e.g., "ma bû-r-um, da čaman rasid-a ḵot tanist-um" “I shall go, and may be able to get to Čaman.” Participial nominalization are typical, both with the perfect participle, e.g., "kad-a" “(having) done” and with the derived participle with passive meaning, "kad-ag-i" “having been done,” e.g., "zimin-i qulba kada-ya" “The field is ploughed,” "zamin-i qulba (na-)šuda-ra mi-ngar-um" “I am looking at a plowed/unplowed field,” "imrûz [u ḵondagi] tikrar mu-kun-a" "Today he repeats (reading) what he had read.” The gerundive, e.g., "kad-an-i" “to be done,” is likewise productive, e.g., "yag čiz, ki uftadani baš-a, ma u-ra qad-dist-ḵu girift-um, tulḡa kad-um" “One object, that was about to fall, I grabbed, and held it.” The clitic "[-ku/-ḵu]" topicalizes parts of speech, "[-di]" the predicate; e.g., "i-yši raft, ma-ḵu da ḵona mand-um" “He himself left; I, though, I stayed.”
Cytoplasmic streaming Cytoplasmic streaming occurs due to the motion of organelles attached to actin filaments via myosin motor proteins. However, in "Chara corallina", the organization of actin filaments is highly ordered. Actin is a polar molecule, which means that myosin only moves in one direction along the actin filament. Thus, in "Chara corallina", where motion of the chloroplasts and the mysoin molecule follow a barber pole pattern, the actin filaments must all be similarly oriented within each section. In other words, the section where the chloroplasts move upward will have all of the actin filaments oriented in the same upward direction, and the section where the chloroplasts move downward will have all the actin filaments oriented in the downward direction. This organization emerges naturally from basic principles. With basic, realistic assumptions about the actin filament, Woodhouse demonstrated that the formation of two sets of actin filament orientations in a cylindrical cell is likely. His assumptions included a force keeping the actin filament in place once set down, an attractive force between filaments leading them to be more likely align as a filament already in place, and a repulsive force preventing alignment perpendicular to the length of the cylindrical cell. The first two assumptions derive from the molecular forces within the actin filament, while the last assumption was made due to the actin molecule’s dislike of curvature. Computer simulations run with these assumptions with varying parameters for the assumptive forces almost always leads to highly ordered actin organizations. However, no order was as organized and consistent as the barber pole pattern found in nature, which suggests this mechanism plays role, but is not wholly responsible for the organization of actin filaments in "Chara corallina".